In anticipation of the negative evolution of the political crisis in Iraq on the background of the repercussions that has gripped Iraq due to the request of the Prime minister Haider Abadi, from the Council of Representatives to authorize him in the formation of a government of technocrats, as Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr issued on Wednesday a statement to contain the political crisis, it is included in the third paragraph of the statement in which he ordered the parliamentary al-ahrar bloc of the Sadrist movement in the following : ” the withdrawal of the good national MPs from the sit in of the parliament and not to be involved in the political dispute even to freeze al-ahrar bloc until the session to vote on the ministerial cabinet tagged by an independent technocrat and the rest of the other grades. ” Once the issuance of this statement , lawmakers of al-ahrar bloc walked out of the Dome of the Iraqi Council of Representatives , leaving only the members of the bloc of former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, and the number of individual MPs, and the withdrawal of the Sadrists from the sit-in will make impossible for protesters to achieve a quorum, who aspire from which to elect the President of the Iraqi Council of Representatives instead of Saleem al-Jubouri, and hold a meeting during which the vote to be done on a government of technocrats , in acceptable form in which a number of political currents leaders parked behind the protest.
Thus, the termination of the sit-in, Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr will be devoted again to contain the rising popular protests in the street. Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr has called for in the first paragraph of the statement on his supporters to “continue peaceful protests and with the same vigor, but more than that in order to be a stressful paper on politicians and lovers of corruption and hateful political and sectarian quotas orderly and in a centralized orders.” Stressing that “no party has the right to prevent it. Otherwise, the revolution will be transformed into another face . ” Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr also called in this statement in the second paragraph there to form a unified popular coalition from Iraqi nationalists and as called for in the fourth paragraph of the statement not to attack the embassies of the countries stationed on the ground in Iraq, and called on the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the United Nations to interfere to get the Iraqi People out from their ordeal and to correct the political process in Iraq.
And Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr is motivated in this press release in accordance with his words first: to keep the Iraqi popular revolution and its Iraqi , Arab Islamic shining spring Considering that there are a lot of politicians are trying to twist the pure Iraqi popular revolution from its path planned for . And turn it in various ways to the parliamentary political disputes in order to maintain the their narrow earnings .Second, this statement comes at this time to block attempts by former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to the retribution against those who removed him from the “third term”, a reference to Nouri al-Maliki, who was in maintaining his position as head of the Iraqi Council of Ministers is seeking for the third time, but the surprise emergence of a state regulation in Iraq and the Levant “Daash” in June 2014, precipitating his departure based on an American-Iranian understandings in this regard and the agreement between them on the personal Haider al-Abadi as a successor of him .
a failure of a sit-in the House of Representatives represents a direct blow to the leader of the Dawa Party, Nouri al-Maliki wing which deputies from his bloc of Dawlat alkanon( state of law ) and his relatives were emerged in the leadership of the mentioned sit in , the phenomenon has interpreted the desire of Nuri al-Maliki in the seizure of the House of Representatives and fully use the platform to overthrow his successor at the head of the government Haider al-Abadi and set alternative of him, and then the set of the ministerial cabinets loyal to him to ensure his place in power and protected him from the accounting issues in a major accumulated corruption over his era at the head of the government between 2006 and 2014.
Due to the importance of this statement, which worked to contain the crisis within the Iraqi Council of Representatives, which would have stretched beyond, the Rawabet Centre for Research and Strategic Studies rushed to explore the views of the Iraqi academic and intellectual elite to stand on particularly with regard to the matter issued by Muqtada al-Sadr for the alhrar bloc in Parliament to end its sit in inside the House of Representatives, as this elite was split from the angle of viewing it to two opinions:
The first sees the order of ending the sit in as a national issue, as Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr thinks the national interest is over the narrow partisan interests, and that is an Iraqi pure decision and there is no external influence on it . so the supporters of this view they see the order to break up the sit-in was the right time for fear of explosion of the situation in Iraq. Also they do not consider to break up the sit in an embarrassment for the al-ahrar bloc in Parliament, which already confirmed that they will not break up the sit in before reaching their goals, they see this attitude is a top of altruism by the al-ahrarl bloc.
II: to see to end the sit in was in response to the pressure exerted on Muqtada al-Sadr by some regional countries, fearing that this protest will lead to the eruption of political, sectarian and nationalist conflicts within Iraqi society, so these countries pressured in the direction to break up the sit in .
In conclusion to solve the current political crisis in Iraq do not lie to break up a sit-in of this bloc or another, and can not be solved by forming a government of technocrats or not. The crisis in Iraq is very deep, and end the sit in is only a reliever of a intractable disease called sectarian and national quotas. After ending the sit in , it can be said that the Iraqi parliament is divided between the two blocs, the first is representing political legitimacy and includes nearly 200 Iraqi deputy , while the second represents the protesters, who numbered 80 MPs included the bloc of Nuri al-Maliki wing of the Dawa party , the bloc of Iyad Allawi, and some independent deputies. So this block will not affect the strength of legitimate political bloc. Faced with this division, it seems the alliances within the Iraqi Council of Representatives will be built on self-interest considerations and will not be built on a narrow accounts, and this is what the next stage will prove it, days of Iraq are full of events.
Rawabet Research and Strategic Studies Center