In a move that could have repercussions on the political and security Scene in Iraq, the head of the Kurdistan region of Iraq , Massoud Barzani, announced in his press conference held in the city of Sinjar in the current November of 13th for its annexation to its territory when the Peshmerga forces was able of the liberation of the city from the control of the organization State in Iraq and the Levant.
Barzani stressed saying : we will not be raising any flag other than the flag of the Kurdistan region in Sinjar, and “the Arab population, who have not stained their hands with the blood of the Kurdish Yazidis , are our brothers,” referring to retain the city of Sinjar, and annexed it to the territory of the region of Kurdistan which is governed by the Kurds since 1991, where Sinjar was belong to the province of northern Nineveh before it was taken by the organization in the last year . And he confirmed saying :”Sinjar was liberated with the blood of the peshmerga, and became part of Kurdistan.”
Barzani stressed that the Liberation of Sinjar is of great importance, and will affect a lot in the liberation process of Mosul, there is no doubt that the victory anywhere has an impact in other areas. He explained that the Peshmerga courageously retaliated upon Daash noting that nobody preceded of the Peshmerga in the liberation of Sinjar. He said he will work with the central government in order to convert Sinjar to province .. calling on all parties and the international community to the reconstruction of Sinjar.He stressed that the Kurdish Yazidis , population of Sinjar was an essential part of the Kurdish people, and the liberation of their city is a lesson to those who try to attack the Kurdish people, as the Peshmerga has retaliated to the crimes committed by Daash militants against the Yazidis Kurds .
At the official level, the Iraqi prime minister refused Barzani’s decision to raise the Kurdish flag on the liberated Sinjar from the organization “Daash” calling to raise the Iraqi flag as substitute. The head of the Iraqi parliament, Saleem al-Jubouri, for his part , called on the loyalty to be to the country, warning that the migration of Sunnis and Shiites from their areas led mixed areas to be devoid of its original inhabitants.
The position of the Shiite militias and political forces linked to Iran towards the Declaration of annexation was more resenful than at the official level, where the conflict intensified between the Kurds and the Iraqi Shiite militias on the city because the leader of Iraqi Asaib Ahl. Al- Haq Qais al-Khazali, considered Sinjar as an occupied area by the Peshmerga forces, after ending the control of state regulation recently and Khazali said in a statement on November 15 th , “that the control of Peshmerga over Sinjar is an occupation which is more complex than the occupation of state regulation. And for his part, the former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, head of the coalition of the law state said: that the security forces will regain Sinjar district in the province of Nineveh, from the control of the Peshmerga forces in the next few days. And the MP of the law coalition Ibtisam Hilali said in a statement that the liberalization of the Sinjar district by the Peshmerga forces from “Daash” gangs does not mean that the district has become part of Kurdistan .. she confirmed that the next few days will witness a solution to the crisis, and the control of the security forces on the Sinjar district completely. She added that the liberalization of Sinjar by the Peshmerga forces from “Daash” is not different from the Liberation of Sinjar by Army forces taking into the consideration that Sinjar is an important Iraqi region and the task of its liberation from terror is the duties of everyone.
The matter did not stop to this point , but the blogs and websites on “Facebook” and “Twitter” page and blogs of the popular militias crowd were reducing the role of the Peshmerga in the liberation of the city of Sinjar, and warning of the future role of the Peshmerga and the Kurds. Shiite militias said that the Kurds have declared victory while the battle fought by the Americans and its pages on social networking sites described talking about the liberation of Sinjar by the Kurdish forces , from the hand of state regulation is just a “lie” lacks physical evidence, and said that the task carried out by the entire US forces and attributed it to the Kurds in the media to influence the morale of the Shiite factions.
Accounts run by factions of the popular crowd on sites of “Facebook” and “Twitter” called Kurdish field leaderships to provide scenes of battles they have fought against state regulation in the city of Sinjar, or view the bodies of dead of the organization; that Kurdish media said it exceeded 200 bodies.
“Tuz” account devoted , on the site on “Facebook”, most of its publications to discredit Kurdish novel in the battle of Sinjar, including information which he said that the US military told the Kurdish forces about the decision of attack only few hours before the execution of the operation , and that the role of the latter was limited to media impressions, and they had no real action during the battle.
The account considered that the Peshmerga forces , itself, which was withdrawn over a year ago in front of the state regulation, and that the US Aviation alone prevented a major disaster might have taken place in the the Kurdish region in northern Iraq in case the organization continued to creep after the control of the Sinjar and parts of Kirkuk.
Furthermore, Shiite register ,”Abu Gadhib Al-sadderi ” said the American planes carried out an unprecedented bombardment on the city of Sinjar before entering the Kurdish forces; which said that an army of Americans have been long awaited away from the cameras to intervene in the event of any sudden order .
Al- Sadri ” of the militia Saraya peace added , one of the factions of the crowd, that Sinjar process was a pure American ones , and that the Kurdish troops took only the role of media, and he talked about the Kurdish militants to blew up some of the houses, and shooting at air for taking photo only, and mentioned that no one clash was taken place on the ground, between the elements of the organization and the Kurdish fighters. Al-sadri claimed ” that his information derived from sources within the Peshmerga forces.
In a series of Tweets on the site “Twitter”, he said that he is proud of “Rafidya account indicating that “the Americans baptized to the polishing of Kurdish forces in Kobanî battles and areas in Kirkuk, and returned today to do the same performence of liberation but in another area, a Sinjar.”
The account added that these alleged victories which Americans ascribes for the Peshmerga forces is to give them legitimacy in the stretch to many areas outside the Kurdish region, and to urge European countries to increase their support and arming and training of these forces, adding that Shiite rule is the target at the end of the growing strength of the Peshmerga.
Mr. Hadi al-Moussawi said that the most dangerous enemy facing the followers of Ahl al-Bayt after the organization are Kurds and adding that their influence recently began to increase . He added: ” their danger is grown and the people in charge should pay attention to this matter before it is too late.”
Moussawi noted via the Albashaer account that the warning of the Kurds is not a new phenomenon, and said that the scientists of mudhab like al-Tusi and Kulayni and Ibn Idriss Al-huli ; have warned of them hundreds years ago citing with some of the talks which he said that should be wary of the Kurds and to refrain from Dealing with them.
Al-Musawi warned of the style of the “American Satan and the forces of global arrogance aimed to portray the Kurds as the only party capable of defeating al state and liberating the land from it , which means at the same time that the popular crowd is incapable on the performance of this task, and here lies the core and essence of the Kurdish American line, as he put it .
The least we can respond to this unjustified attack by militias and its electronic mail by saying : it is no doubt that there is a vast difference between those who fight for human dignity and pride, regardless of nationality and his madhab as forces Peshmerga, and those who their composition is based on a historic complex that runs from the doctrine of hatred and antagonism of others, and the extract of freedom and human dignity as it is the case with the popular crowd militias. So the Peshmerga institution which was built on the principles of liberty and virtue, and instilling the principles of horsemanship at peace and war time represent in Tuz an impregnable Dam to stand against the transgression of the elements of popular crowd militias on civilians, and to prevent them from practicing their hobby in killings, looting and an insult to the Sunni Arab component in the city, which did not live up to these militias so They responded to these practices, both in Tuz or in any Arab Sunni area in Iraq.
These bloodthirsty militias who dogged by defeats on the battlefield, despite the Iraqi government’s support for these militias and arming them with various modern heavy weapons from Western countries, especially from the United States devoted mainly to the Iraqi army, and despite Iran’s armament and have employment of military personnel advisers, and support of Air western US coalition to their ground movements , in addition to the Russian support, which recently entered the Iraqi scene line, in addition to the large media support enjoyed by these militias and the harness of all Iraqi media organizations and its spreading false news about the mock wins and in spite of all this kinds of support , these militias have failed to achieve any real victory against state regulation “Daash” in all the fighting axes, keeping the little victories here and there. All of this failure and frustration caused them to commit horrific abuses against unarmed civilians to compensate military defeats.
These militias , that criticize the statement of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan region Massoud Barzani and warns of the future dangerous role of the Iraqi Kurds, committed crimes against humanity of the Sunni Arab component and their violations of human rights and reached to the extent that can no longer be covered up even by their leaders who have acknowledged it. But they justified it as individual cases that do not represent a general tendency of these militias, but the maraji Alsistni , a few days ago , put aside some field commanders of these militias, as well as the freezing of Saraya lsalam by Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr because of the violations carried out by those Saraya and statements of the organizations concerned with human rights for the presence of such crimes, thus it made clear beyond any doubt that the practices carried out by these groups up to the level of war crimes and crimes of genocide and against humanity, and this is a public culture that characterize these groups , not individual as claimed by those who advocate of it .
Here we can say that the Kurdish Peshmerga does not constitute a danger, but it comes from these militias which is turned out to a military force to be more sway and armed than the Iraqi military establishment which makes any talk of civil peace in Iraq in the future impossible, so the danger of these militias that it maintained the support of some corrupt parties in the Iraqi government , although they are outlawed gangs and unconstitutional.
And it can be said that the post of state regulation in Iraq and the Levant “Daash” , Iraq will not be enjoyed by civilian peace and stability as long as these militias exist in Iraq and underestimate Iraqi man and his blood, and its gravity is not confined to the Arab Sunni and Kurdish components, but exceeded them to include the Shiite component that is supposed to enjoy a little calm and stability to build a human being and the reconstruction of its regions, not to remain in the cycle of bloody armed political rivalries through these paid groups of regional countries which has nothing to do with Iraqi interest .
In order that Iraq do not enter in a new spiral of bloodshed after getting rid of Daash, it is incumbent upon the private components of Iraq (Arab Sunnis and Kurds) call on the international community and its institutions to include these militias (Badr and gangs of Ahl. Al-Haq) as a terrorist organization and it is supposed that their leaders to be tried as it was done by the Syrian opposition a few days ago when it called the international community and international organizations for the inclusion of certain organizations in Syria on the list of terrorist organizations and urged to root them out.
The question in this context, what is the meaning of this liberation in American policy toward Iraq and its implications for the Krdstan region ?
The US desperation of the Iraqi army has reached its peak these days, where it appeared the United States is fully dependent on forces of Kurdish “Peshmerga” in major battles in front of the organization of the Islamic State “Daash”, these forces which its training was overseen by more than 3,500 US military expert who praise their combat capabilities.
These forces decided to fight a decisive battle with the organization of the Islamic State “Daash” in Sinjar town, which lies on a main line to supply regulation from 3-axis in Iraq, at a time when government Abadi in Baghdad failed to wage a real influential battle in front of Daash yet.
It could be argued that the United States hopes to repeat the previous battles scenarios for the Kurds in front of Daash, which is the most important battle of Ain al-Kubani, which is seen by some as a reminder of passage of kurds into the arms of the United States, after their forces completely succeeded in expelling the elements of Daash from the city, inflicting heavy losses and the largest defeat at all on the state regulation .
The United States also believes that the time has come for a new round of battles in front of state regulation on the ground, where Americans estimates that the organization is weaker than it was in the past due to the attrition that was occurred as a result of the expansion of its land with the increasing pressure of air attacks on it . Kurds and the Americans are shared In their vision of Daash now, which says that the organization Daash today is engaging in a negative defensive war and not as seen in the past ,so it is no longer to be able to maintain the military centers dominated by it by adopting attack strategy.
The Kurds present themselves to the United States in this battle as a unified faction which is most capable of this fateful confrontation , after the failure of the Iraqi army to run any successful battles with the state regulation (Daash), where it was proven the failure of the project of adoption of the Iraqi army in confrontations with state regulation noting that the Army was restructured on a sectarian basis which made the army to fight as a militias and non-uniform target, while the situation is different in the Kurdish troops which is fighting behind a unified military doctrine and the the United States touched it during the supervision on the training of units of the Kurdish forces.
The unity of the Iraqi Studies
Rawabet Research and Strategic Studies Center