Oil workers react in front of oilfields burned by Islamic State fighters in Qayyara, south of Mosul, Iraq

(Reuters) Iraqi forces battling to retake ISIS last major stronghold – Mosul – have entered a planned operational refit, a top U.S. general in the international coalition backing Baghdad said, the first significant pause of the campaign.

Elite soldiers have retaken a quarter of the northern city, but their advance has been slow and punishing. Several thousand Iraqi federal police were redeployed from the southern outskirts last week to reinforce the eastern front.

They are part of a 100,000-strong alliance which launched a campaign on Oct. 17 that has become the biggest in Iraq since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein.

“This is an operational refit. This sets the conditions for continued progress by ISF (Iraqi security forces) and their plan and their operation to liberate Mosul,” U.S. Air Force Brigadier General Matthew Isler, deputy commander for the coalition’s air forces told Reuters by phone from Baghdad on Wednesday.

The refit follows 65 days of “going at this at an operationally high tempo the entire time”, he said, and includes repairing vehicles, resupplying ammunition and preparing forces for the next stage.

“There is a lot of activity going on. You would see a busy beehive … of them in their operational refit,” he said. “They are going to resume soon and the ISF are driving that timeline.”

Forces from Iraq’s counter-terrorism service (CTS), which has spearheaded most major battles against ISIS since the army and police dropped their weapons and fled in 2014, are still making advances in Mosul but at a much slower pace than at any other time in the battle.

While the Iraqi government does not provide casualty figures for its military, concerns are growing about the toll of CTS deaths. Isler said the refit was vital to long-term success.

“What really matters in a campaign is progress over time. Every day is different and has those unique challenges. It also means that in each of those days and challenges you have to sustain your forces,” he said.

CTS has made some small advances in eastern Mosul recently, but usually rosy reports from the military’s war media cell this week have said only: “No changes on all axes”.

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